E-mu SP-1200

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emu sp 1200E-mu SP-1200 is a classic drum machine and sampler released in August 1987 by E-mu Systems, Inc. as an update of the SP-12, which was originally created for dance music producers. It became famed for its gritty texture and ability to simulate the "warmth" of vinyl recordings.

The SP-1200 became an icon of hip hop's golden age, due to its ability to construct the bulk of a song within one piece of portable gear—a first for the industry. This resulted in reduced studio costs and more creative control for artists. In an article published in New York City's The Village Voice in November 2007, Ben Detrick explains, "The machine rose to such prominence that its strengths and weaknesses sculpted an entire era of music: the crunchy digitized drums, choppy segmented samples, and murky filtered basslines that characterize the vintage New York sound are all mechanisms of the machine."[1] Designed to be used as both a drum sequencer and sampler in one, the SP-1200 features a 26.04 kHz sampling rate (roughly half the fidelity of a compact disc) and 12-bit resolution. Those audio qualities, combined with the idiosyncratic SSM2044 filter chips with which these machines were fitted, make for a dirty, gritty sound. One of the attributes of the SP-1200 is its extremely small amount of memory—roughly 10 seconds.

The SP-1200 can store up to 100 patterns, 100 songs and has a 5000 note maximum memory for drum sequences. It also has a mono mix output and eight individual outputs, MIDI in/out/through, SMPTE sync, and a metronome output. There is one button that allows you to select between banks A, B, C and D giving the user easy access to each of the 32 sounds. The front panel contains several LED lights, buttons and eight volume and pitch faders for each sound in the selected bank. Below each fader is a large button to initialize the sound, or select the sound for editing, and a switch to turn the trigger's velocity sensitivity off or on. The sequencer works in the familiar pattern-style of placing short consecutive sections of samples into a song. The user can easily add swing quantization and tempo changes. The sequencer can sync the tempo to SMPTE, MIDI or analogue clock pulses, and is also capable of synchronizing the tempo to a tapping finger with the 'tap tempo' button."[2]

Unlike the SP12, the SP-1200 does not contain ROM-based samples; all samples are stored in volatile RAM and loaded from floppy disk. The AD/DA converters remain 12 bit, as 16 bit converters were still expensive and found only on high-end gear, such as the contemporary E-Mu Emulator 3 (EIII), which had a list price of over $15,000 USD. Maximum sampling time was doubled from the upgraded SP-12 Turbo, to over 10 seconds, but the maximum single sample was 2.5 seconds. The sample rate was reduced slightly also (from 27.5 kHz to 26.04 kHz) to maximize memory usage. The SP-1200 retains all of the I/O capabilities from the SP12, minus the cassette output and floppy disk I/O.[2]

The limited sampling time of the SP-1200 was overcome within the late '80s hip hop production circles by sampling 33⅓ rpm records at 45 rpm, with an additional pitch increase, then replaying the sample from the SP-1200 at a much slower speed (by the use of 'Multipitch' and/or 'Tune/Decay' edit functions). This expanded the total sampling time while at the same time decreasing the resolution. By the early 90s, nearly every working Hip-Hop producer had adopted this technique as industry standard until the advent of newer samplers such as Akai'sMPC60, which provided higher sampling rates and more sampling time.

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Emu SP1200 Vintage Sampling Drum Machine FINAL Edition Reissue E MU SP 1200 12
Emu SP1200 Vintage Sampling Drum Machine FINAL Edition Reissue E MU SP 1200 12
$8,000.00
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Emu SP1200 Sampling Drum Machine SP 1200 Black reissue e mu vintage 1200 ARMENS
Emu SP1200 Sampling Drum Machine SP 1200 Black reissue e mu vintage 1200 ARMENS
$4,999.00
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Emu SP1200 Sampling Drum Machine SP 1200 Black reissue e mu vintage ARMENS
Emu SP1200 Sampling Drum Machine SP 1200 Black reissue e mu vintage ARMENS
$4,899.00
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Original grey Emu SP1200 Sampling Drum Machine SP 1200 e mu vintage ARMENS
Original grey Emu SP1200 Sampling Drum Machine SP 1200 e mu vintage ARMENS
$4,799.00
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E Mu SP 1200 survival kit drum pads buttons slider caps screen drive Emu SP1200
E Mu SP 1200 survival kit drum pads buttons slider caps screen drive Emu SP1200
$400.00
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SP1200 emu ENSONIQ mirage LP asr10 LAIKO greek pop   coutsavakis
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$66.01
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E MU SP1200 Custom Dust Cover SP 12 drum machine navy blue Emulator II Emu
E MU SP1200 Custom Dust Cover SP 12 drum machine navy blue Emulator II Emu
$55.00
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E MU SP1200 Custom Dust Cover drum machine black emu SP 12
E MU SP1200 Custom Dust Cover drum machine black emu SP 12
$55.00
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E MU SP1200 Custom Dust Cover drum machine OG grey emu SP 12
E MU SP1200 Custom Dust Cover drum machine OG grey emu SP 12
$55.00
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Custom padded cover for EMU SP 1200
Custom padded cover for EMU SP 1200
$34.00
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8pcs NEW Replacement Fader Slider Knob for EMU E mu Drumulator SP 12 Sp 1200
8pcs NEW Replacement Fader Slider Knob for EMU E mu Drumulator SP 12 Sp 1200
$24.95
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EMU SP 1200 SP1200 Drum Sounds BeatBoxProscom 0003
EMU SP 1200 SP1200 Drum Sounds BeatBoxProscom 0003
$20.00
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EMU SP 1200 SP1200 Drum Sounds BeatBoxProscom 0002
EMU SP 1200 SP1200 Drum Sounds BeatBoxProscom 0002
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EMU SP 1200 and SP 12 Replacement Slider Knob 8 Pack
EMU SP 1200 and SP 12 Replacement Slider Knob 8 Pack
$19.95
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Vinyl break breakbeat vinyl drum ASR10 emu sp1200 sp 1200 sp12 NI maschine s950
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EMU SP1200  SP12  SP 1200  Drumulator BLACK SLIDER CAP
EMU SP1200 SP12 SP 1200 Drumulator BLACK SLIDER CAP
$5.00
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NEW Replacement Fader Slider Knob for EMU E mu Drumulator SP 12 Sp 1200
NEW Replacement Fader Slider Knob for EMU E mu Drumulator SP 12 Sp 1200
$4.95
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EMU SP 1200 SP 12 and Drumulator Replacement Slider Knob
EMU SP 1200 SP 12 and Drumulator Replacement Slider Knob
$4.20
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