Akai MPC 60

DRUM MACHINE  |  BACK

akai mpc 60The Akai MPC60 ("MIDI Production Center 60") was an electronic musical instrument produced in 1988, by the Japanese company Akai in collaboration with celebrated designer Roger Linn. It combined MIDI sequencing and audio samplingvelocity/aftertouch-sensitive performance pads, to produce an instrument optimized for use as a drum machine. The MPC60 enjoyed great popularity, particularly among musicians producing Hip Hop and similar styles. The MPC60's success and popularity can perhaps be best understood in the context of earlier drum machines. Early machines in the 1970s tended to use analogue synthesis for their sounds (characterful, but not very realistic) and only provided pre-set rhythms. By the late 1970s, use of microprocessors and affordable RAM memory led to the development of machines which allowed musicians to program their own rhythm patterns (e.g. the Roland CR-78).

Linn LM-1 (1979)

In 1979, Roger Linn produced the world's first drum machine to use digital audio samples as the sound source, the Linn LM-1. This was very popular as these sampled sounds were generally much more realistic and "punchy" than analogue ones. Another innovation of the LM-1 was its operating system optimized for real-time recording and playback of drumbeats, introducing useful features such as automatic timing correction (quantization) and variable degrees of swing timing.

In 1983, the MIDI protocol was launched, as a standard way to interconnect electronic musical instruments, and quickly became very popular, replacing the plethora of manufacturer's incompatible proprietary interfaces. MIDI provided a ready way to synchronize the operation of drum machines with other studio devices, and enabled programmed rhythms to be exchanged as MIDI note data.

SCI Studio 440 (1986)

By the mid-1980s, machines such as the Sequential Circuits Inc. Studio 440 and Linn's own Linn 9000, combined powerful MIDI sequencers with the ability to sample one's own sounds. This offered much more flexibility in terms of what had been available before, both in terms of drum sounds, and the ability to integrate the drum machine with other studio devices. However neither of these machines were a great commercial success, and both Linn and Sequential ceased trading.

Roger Linn then began a design collaboration with Akai, drawing heavily on the Linn 9000 and Studio 440 concepts, resulting in the MPC60. Drummer Willie Wilcox produced & recorded many of the original drum sounds shipped with the original Akai MPC 60.

  • 16 velocity sensitive pads
  • 4 pad banks (64 voices per program)
  • sampling rate of 40kHz (freq response 20Hz - 18kHz)
  • 16-bit ADC and DAC, with data stored in special non-linear 12bit format (for lower noise)
  • 750kB sampling memory (13.1 seconds), upgradable to 1.5MB (26.2 seconds) (expansion card: EXM003)
  • 128 sounds in memory, 64 sounds per program, 16 voice polyphony.
  • 2 MIDI inputs, 4 MIDI outputs
  • 20 songs, 99 sequences, 99 tracks, 60,000 note capacity
  • timing resolution of 96ppq (parts per quarter note)
  • syncable via MIDI Time Code (MTC), MIDI Clock, FSK24, SMPTE, 1/4 note click.
  • SMPTE supported frame rates: 24, 25, 29.97 drop, and 30.
  • 8 assignable outputs + 1 stereo + 1 effects send/return
  • Internal 3½" floppy drive (Double Density 720 kB)
  • optional 3rd-party SCSI interface (by Marion Systems)

In 1988, Akai also released the sequencer section of the MPC60 as a standalone hardware product in its own right, the ASQ10. As with the MPC60, this was renowned for its solid MIDI timing compared to computer software based systems.

In 1991, Akai re-launched the machine as the MPC60II. This incarnation nearly identical to the original MPC60, merely featuring a headphone output, and a plastic chassis instead of a metal one.

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AKAI MPC60II 12bit drum sampler OS Ver212 Audio Japan Working properly F S
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AKAI MPC 60 mkII MPC60II w SCSI card v 310dmemoryOriginal vintage ARMENS
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Akai MPC 4000 XL MPC X 3000 2000 60 EMU SP 1200 S950
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AKAI MPC 60 mkIIOriginal vintage MPC60IIdrum pads 310 internal zip ARMENS
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Akai MPC 3000 FORAT SERVICED Vailixi 35 CF reader mpc 60 mpc3000 FREE SHIP
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Akai MPC 60 Midi Sequencer Drum Machine Sampler with Box and extras
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AKAI MPC 60 OS 315
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Akai mpc 60 I  II upgrade scsi  ram ORIGINAL Marion System Rare
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Akai ASQ 10 midi sequencer w new disk drive MPC 60
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Akai mpc 60 I  II upgrade scsi ORIGINAL Marion System Rare
Akai mpc 60 I II upgrade scsi ORIGINAL Marion System Rare
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2 AKAI MPC 60 IIs OS 210  310d SCSI
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Akai MPC 60 Shell Paint Or Repair Your MPC60 Top  Bottom Case Parts MPC3000
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Akai MPC 60MK1 Official LCD Replacement Kit
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Nalbantov USB Floppy Disk Drive Emulator for AKAI MPC 60 MK I Version 1
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Akai MPC 60 MK2 MPC 60ii Official Replacement LED LCD Display
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Akai MPC60 OS version 310 firmware update EPROM ROM set
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