Akai MPC 60

DRUM MACHINE  |  BACK

akai mpc 60The Akai MPC60 ("MIDI Production Center 60") was an electronic musical instrument produced in 1988, by the Japanese company Akai in collaboration with celebrated designer Roger Linn. It combined MIDI sequencing and audio samplingvelocity/aftertouch-sensitive performance pads, to produce an instrument optimized for use as a drum machine. The MPC60 enjoyed great popularity, particularly among musicians producing Hip Hop and similar styles. The MPC60's success and popularity can perhaps be best understood in the context of earlier drum machines. Early machines in the 1970s tended to use analogue synthesis for their sounds (characterful, but not very realistic) and only provided pre-set rhythms. By the late 1970s, use of microprocessors and affordable RAM memory led to the development of machines which allowed musicians to program their own rhythm patterns (e.g. the Roland CR-78).

Linn LM-1 (1979)

In 1979, Roger Linn produced the world's first drum machine to use digital audio samples as the sound source, the Linn LM-1. This was very popular as these sampled sounds were generally much more realistic and "punchy" than analogue ones. Another innovation of the LM-1 was its operating system optimized for real-time recording and playback of drumbeats, introducing useful features such as automatic timing correction (quantization) and variable degrees of swing timing.

In 1983, the MIDI protocol was launched, as a standard way to interconnect electronic musical instruments, and quickly became very popular, replacing the plethora of manufacturer's incompatible proprietary interfaces. MIDI provided a ready way to synchronize the operation of drum machines with other studio devices, and enabled programmed rhythms to be exchanged as MIDI note data.

SCI Studio 440 (1986)

By the mid-1980s, machines such as the Sequential Circuits Inc. Studio 440 and Linn's own Linn 9000, combined powerful MIDI sequencers with the ability to sample one's own sounds. This offered much more flexibility in terms of what had been available before, both in terms of drum sounds, and the ability to integrate the drum machine with other studio devices. However neither of these machines were a great commercial success, and both Linn and Sequential ceased trading.

Roger Linn then began a design collaboration with Akai, drawing heavily on the Linn 9000 and Studio 440 concepts, resulting in the MPC60. Drummer Willie Wilcox produced & recorded many of the original drum sounds shipped with the original Akai MPC 60.

  • 16 velocity sensitive pads
  • 4 pad banks (64 voices per program)
  • sampling rate of 40kHz (freq response 20Hz - 18kHz)
  • 16-bit ADC and DAC, with data stored in special non-linear 12bit format (for lower noise)
  • 750kB sampling memory (13.1 seconds), upgradable to 1.5MB (26.2 seconds) (expansion card: EXM003)
  • 128 sounds in memory, 64 sounds per program, 16 voice polyphony.
  • 2 MIDI inputs, 4 MIDI outputs
  • 20 songs, 99 sequences, 99 tracks, 60,000 note capacity
  • timing resolution of 96ppq (parts per quarter note)
  • syncable via MIDI Time Code (MTC), MIDI Clock, FSK24, SMPTE, 1/4 note click.
  • SMPTE supported frame rates: 24, 25, 29.97 drop, and 30.
  • 8 assignable outputs + 1 stereo + 1 effects send/return
  • Internal 3½" floppy drive (Double Density 720 kB)
  • optional 3rd-party SCSI interface (by Marion Systems)

In 1988, Akai also released the sequencer section of the MPC60 as a standalone hardware product in its own right, the ASQ10. As with the MPC60, this was renowned for its solid MIDI timing compared to computer software based systems.

In 1991, Akai re-launched the machine as the MPC60II. This incarnation nearly identical to the original MPC60, merely featuring a headphone output, and a plastic chassis instead of a metal one.

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AKAI MPC 60 mkII MPC60II w SCSI card v 310dmemoryOriginal vintage ARMENS
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AKAI MPC 60 mkIIOriginal vintage MPC60IIdrum pads 310 internal zip ARMENS
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AKAI MPC 60 mkI Original vintage  MPC60 drum pads v310memorySCSI ARME
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Akai MPC 60 Midi Sequencer Drum Machine Sampler with Box and extras
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AKAI MPC 60 mkI Original vintage  MPC60 drum pads v212  ARMENS
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AKAI MPC 4000 512MB Ram 60GB HD CD drive EB4JS Effect Board IB48P 8 Output Board
AKAI MPC 4000 512MB Ram 60GB HD CD drive EB4JS Effect Board IB48P 8 Output Board
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Patrick Wong ST 60 Art Figure LTD19 AKAi MPC 60 V Star Wars Stormtrooper Kaws
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AKAI MPC60 GENUINE 750Kb MEMORY EXPANSION BOARD + 310 OPERATION SYSTEM
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MEMORY EXPANSION BOARD card for AKAI MPC60 MPC60 Mk2 ARMENS
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Nalbantov USB Floppy Disk Drive Emulator for Akai MPC 60 MK I Version 1
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Akai MPC5000 Woodsides + MPC60 Style Armrest + Front panel Fresh upgrade
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Akai MPC 60 MK2 MPC 60ii Official Replacement LED LCD Display
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AKAI MPC60 internal SCSI connector CONVERSION KIT for MARION SCSI CARD
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Thick Fat Extra Sensitive Pad Set for AKAI MPC MPD Choose Color
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Original Owners Manual User Guide for Akai MPC 60 60 II 31 Roger Lynn
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AKAI MPC60 MIDI Production Center Integrated Sequencer  Sampler 26392
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